Viscosupplementation involves using hyaluronic acid in a dedicated joint formulation, administered as an ultrasound-guided injection by the orthopaedist. Hyaluronic acid is the main component of articular (joint) cartilage matrix. Owing to its oily formulation, hyaluronic acid administered to the joint as an injection improves joint function and range of motion, by making the joint movements "smoother".
- prevention of articular cartilage and joint disease
- combined treatment with platelet rich plasma in degenerative joint disease
- delayed joint ageing,
- improved joint function,
- protection of the synovial membrane in the joint,
- reduced joint pain
In chondromalacia (cartilage melting) and degenerative joint disease, the effect can be sustained for at least 6 months depending on disease severity.
Pain sensation depends on your individual sensitivity. The majority of patients do not find it painful. It involves administration of hyaluronic acid into the joint through the needle by the orthopaedist under local anaesthesia, so you will not feel pain.
Avoid sports-related activity for a week following an injection.*
*Reduce your activity throughout the entire therapy duration (be it 3 injections to the knee at weekly intervals or 3 injections to the hip at 2-4-weekly intervals).
An intraarticular injection (i.e. injection administered to the joint) may cause transient pain, oedema and/or exudate (fluid accumulation in tissues). The symptoms usually resolve within a few days.
deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
infection or severe arthritis
skin diseases and/or infectious diseases
pregnancy and breastfeeding
The frequency depends on the clinical status and the structure of the hyaluronate to be used; the general rule is to use it once a year.
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